Crossbreeds: A Winning Combination
Distinctive crossbreeds feature the best of both worlds.
Despite the variety of purebreds to choose from, some equestrians still find their needs not met. Over the years, many breeders have developed distinctive crossbred horses to suit a particular niche or cultivate specific qualities from each contributing breed. When the cross works as intended, the result is “the best of both worlds” and leads to a demand for more. Sometimes a particular cross is eventually recognized as a new, separate breed. The following five crossbreeds have established a name and have become known for their special blended characteristics.
For centuries, the Arabian Horse has influenced and enhanced many of the world’s equines. In fact, many of today’s light horse breeds can be traced to Arabian bloodlines. Read more >>
Thumb through an old history book and you can’t help but notice the impressive horses ridden by cavalry officers. Many of them were old-fashioned Saddlebreds or heavy-boned horses with extensive Saddlebred bloodlines. A classic example was General Robert E. Lee’s horse, Traveller, who was the general’s mount of choice for numerous battle campaigns. Read more >>
Appendix Quarter Horse
Study the pedigrees of many modern American Quarter Horses and you’ll find Thoroughbred bloodlines. Three Bars, a highly influential stallion in the Quarter Horse world, was actually a Thoroughbred. Read more >>
Breeders in the 1800s discovered that an exceptionally sound, attractive and sturdy horse could be created by crossing the Arabian with the Morgan, a breed developed in New England in the late 1700s. Read more >>
National Show Horse
When the National Show Horse Registry (NSHR) was founded in 1981, the National Show Horse was recognized as a breed created by crossing the Arabian with the American Saddlebred. There are now more than 17,000 registered National Show Horses. The refinement and intelligence of the Arabian combined with the elegance, animation and size of the Saddlebred resulted in a horse that was virtually custom-made for the saddle seat discipline. Read more >>
With approximately 300 recognized purebred horse and pony breeds in the world today, it seems there should be something for everyone. Yet, despite this wide array, it’s not unusual for breeders to cross two purebred horses to come up with a crossbreed. Sometimes a crossbreed eventually becomes a distinct breed in its own right.
“What makes a breed is when you can pass on its traits from generation to generation,” explains Linda Konichek, who has been a Morab breeder for 25 years.
Since the outcomes of haphazard breedings can result in a horse with a poor combination of traits, it’s safer to stick with an established crossbreed.
The pros of crossbreeding:
The cons of crossbreeding:
- Combining the best of two breeds into one horse
- Added height
- Broader range of accepted colors
- More versatility
- Creation of a horse ideal for a specific discipline
- Potential for not getting the best of both parents
- Potential for undesirable conformation
- Potential for inherited weaknesses or flaws
- Inconsistencies in offspring
Cynthia McFarland is a freelance writer and horse owner based in Ocala, Fla. Her latest book is The Foaling Primer.
This article originally appeared in the June 2010 issue of Horse Illustrated. Click here to subscribe.