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All Horse Breeds

Abaco Barb Horse Breed Profile

Abaco Barb

The rare Abaco Barb, which is in great danger of extinction, is believed to have descended from Spanish horses that were in route aboard ships with early explorers to the New World. Many of these ships never reached their destination, and instead were shipwrecked or pirated in the Caribbean.

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Akhal-Teke Horse Breed Profile

Akhal-Teke

With its unusual, gazelle-like appearance, the Akhal-Teke (Ah-cull Tek-y) is an incredibly distinctive breed. Experts say the Akhal-Teke breed is at least 3,000 years old. The Akhal-Teke may be the last remaining strain of the Turkmene (a horse that has existed since 2400 B.C.).

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American Cream Draft Horse Breed Profile

American Cream Draft

Nearly 98 percent of all American Cream Draft horses have the blood of an Iowan cream colored draft-type mare called Old Granny, who was born at the turn of the 20th century. Her beauty and unique coat coloring prompted breeders in the area to try to create a breed of cream-colored draft horses.

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American Paint Horse  Breed Profile

American Paint Horse

In 1519, the explorer Hernando Cortes carried two horses described as having pinto markings on his voyage. This is the first known description of such horses in America. By the early 1800s, horses with Paint coloring were well-populated throughout the West.

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American Quarter Horse  Breed Profile

American Quarter Horse

The American Quarter Horse traces its roots to early America, where settlers crossed English horses to those of Spanish ancestry, producing a compact and muscular horse.

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American Saddlebred Horse Breed Profile

American Saddlebred

The American Saddlebred originated from Galloway and Hobbie horses imported from Britain during the early part of America’s history.

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Andalusian Horse Breed Profile

Andalusian

Hailing from the Iberian Peninsula, the Andalusian takes its name from the Province of Andalucia, where it was most famous. This living antiquity is purported to be an ancient breed; 20,000-year-old cave drawings show a similar type of horse and Homer mentions the horses in the Illiad (1,100 B.C.).

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Appaloosa Horse  Breed Profile

Appaloosa Horse

The Spanish introduced horses to Mexico in the 1500s, and spotted horses have been depicted in images as far back as prehistoric cave paintings. However, it wasn’t until the 1700s when horses first reached Northwest America that horses with Appaloosa coloring gained recognition in the United States.

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Appendix Quarter Horse  Breed Profile

Appendix Quarter Horse

Until the 1940s the American Quarter Horse existed as a type rather than a breed, but in 1940 a group of breeders discussed the idea of forming an association. However, there was disagreement about what constituted a Quarter Horse.

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Arabian Horse Breed Profile

Arabian

Theorized to be the oldest breed in the world, Arabians were constant companions of the first documented breeders of the Arabian horse, the Bedouin people--nomadic tribesmen of Arabia who relied on the horse for survival.

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Barb Horse Breed Profile

Barb

The Barb is an ancient breed that was established in the Fertile Crescent of Middle Asia. The fast and agile Barb was a favored mount for the Berbers. In fact, the animal draws its name from this group of “barbarous” people.

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Belgian Horse Breed Profile

Belgian

The Belgian draft horse was developed in the fertile pastures of Belgium. It was also there that the forefather of all draft horses was first bred—a heavy black horse used as knights’ mounts called the Flemish.

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Budenny Horse Breed Profile

Budenny

The Russian Budenny (bood-yo-nee) was created to replace the mass equine casualties of World War I and the Russian Revolution, and to breed a horse that a Soviet officer would be proud to ride. The top cavalry riders were the Cossacks who rode the native Don.

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Camargue Horse Breed Profile

Camargue

The Camargue originated in the marshy plains of the Rhone delta in the South of France. It has existed since prehistoric times.

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Canadian Horse  Breed Profile

Canadian Horse

In the late 1600s, King Louis XIV of France brought Breton and Norman horses to the region of North America now known as Canada.

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Caspian Horse Breed Profile

Caspian

In 1965, Louise Firouz, an American living in Tehran, Iran, discovered a small Arabian-like horse in the Elborz Mountains that she named Caspian.

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Chincoteague/Assateague Horse Breed Profile

Chincoteague/Assateague

The Chincoteague pony was made famous in Marguerite Henry’s book Misty of Chincoteague. The ponies live on the barrier island of Assateague in Maryland and Virginia.

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Cleveland Bay Horse Breed Profile

Cleveland Bay

The Cleveland Bay developed in the Cleveland area of Northern Yorkshire in northeast England. In medieval times, the Cleveland Bay was valued as a packhorse for the church, carrying goods to and from various monasteries and convents.

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Clydesdale Horse Breed Profile

Clydesdale

The Clydesdale originated in the Clyde Valley, Scotland, and is the youngest of all the United Kingdom heavy breeds, finding its full development in the last 150 years.

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Connemara Pony Horse Breed Profile

Connemara Pony

The Connemara Pony is Ireland’s only native breed. It comes from and is named for an area on the west coast of Ireland bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and Galway Bay; a wilderness of bogs and rugged moorland.

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Curly Horse  Breed Profile

Curly Horse

The majority of the Curly Horses, also known as the American Bashkir Curly Horse, descend from a herd of three horses found by the Damele family in 1898 roaming the mountain ranges of Nevada. How they came to be on the continent remains a mystery.

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Dales Pony Horse Breed Profile

Dales Pony

The Dales Pony originated in the dales of northeast England. The Dales Pony was the ultimate farmer’s horse, pulling a plow, a cart, or working under saddle helping to herd sheep. The Dales Pony was valued as a pack pony working in the lead mines carrying the ore to cargo ships.

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Danish Warmblood Horse Breed Profile

Danish Warmblood

The Danish Warmblood is the youngest of all the European warmblood breeds, beginning in 1962. There were two Danish saddle horse breed associations—the Danish Sport Horse Society and the Danish Light Horse Association.

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Dartmoor Pony Horse Breed Profile

Dartmoor Pony

Any visitor traveling from the south toward Stonehenge in the southwest of England will most likely drive through Dartmoor, home to Sherlock Holmes’ “Hound of the Baskervilles” and the Dartmoor Pony.

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Dutch Warmblood Horse Breed Profile

Dutch Warmblood

After World War II, Dutch farms were becoming mechanized and horses were no longer needed to work the land, but two lighter farm horses, the Gelderlander and the Groningen were used to help establish a new breed.

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Exmoor Horse Breed Profile

Exmoor

The Exmoor Pony is the oldest of the nine British breeds and is least influenced by outside breeding. The Exmoor was first prized as a chariot horse by invading Roman forces.

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Fell Pony Horse Breed Profile

Fell Pony

The Fell Pony arrived in Great Britain as an ancient Wild European Pony type that came across the land bridge during the ice age. The ponies dispersed throughout the United Kingdom, and the resulting habitat helped form and shape the modern Fell Pony.

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Florida Cracker Horse Breed Profile

Florida Cracker

The Florida Cracker descends from Spanish horses such as the Barb and the Spanish Jennet that arrived in the southern United States in the 1500s.

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Friesian Horse Breed Profile

Friesian

The Friesian is one of Europe’s oldest breeds and gets its name from the Friesland region in the north of the Netherlands. The breed almost became extinct worldwide during the turn of the 20th century, as many Friesians were crossed to other breeds to create a faster horse for trotting races.

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Gotland-Russ Pony Horse Breed Profile

Gotland-Russ Pony

The Gotland-Russ Pony thrives in forest regions on the island of Gotland in Sweden. The inhabitants of Gotland also call the ponies skogsbaggar, meaning "forest rams." Russ is the Gutnish word for horse. In the early 19th century, the Gotland-Russ pony was used for farming.

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Gypsy Horses Horse Breed Profile

Gypsy Horses

Gypsy horses, registered as Gypsy Vanner Horses, Gypsy Cobs and Gypsy Drum horses, are a relatively new concept to most people, but not to the Romany (gypsy) “Traveller” of Great Britain.

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Hackney Horse Breed Profile

Hackney

The Hackney was developed in Great Britain in the late 17th and early 18th centuries and was descendant of the Norfolk Trotter, Yorkshire Roadster, the Arabian and the Thoroughbred. Their early ancestors were even thought to be Friesians.

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Haflinger Horse Breed Profile

Haflinger

The Haflinger hails from the Southern Tyrolean Mountains of Austria and Northern Italy and is thought to have been there since medieval times. In fact, the horse gets its name from the Tyrolean village of Hafling.

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Hanoverian Horse Breed Profile

Hanoverian

Like most German warmbloods, the Hanoverian is named for its region of origin: Lower Saxony in northern Germany was formerly the kingdom of Hannover. In 1714, King George I of England—originally the elector of Hannover—sent several English Thoroughbreds to Germany to refine the native stock.

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Highland Pony Horse Breed Profile

Highland Pony

The Highland pony is one of the two native pony breeds hailing from the north of Scotland. It is the largest and strongest of all the native ponies of Great Britain.

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Icelandic Horse  Breed Profile

Icelandic Horse

The Icelandic Horse was most likely brought to Iceland by the Vikings in the 9th century. Although the breed shares characteristics with the Mongolian horse and the Lyngen or Nordland, little is actually known about its ancestry.

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Irish Draught Horse  Breed Profile

Irish Draught Horse

The Irish Draught Horse is one of the two native equine breeds found in Ireland. Its ancestry is unclear.

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Kathiawari Horse Breed Profile

Kathiawari

The Kathiawari originated in the Kathiawar peninsula in Western India and is probably a mix between the Arabian and other desert breeds. The Marwari and Kathiawari are often assumed to be the same breed, but the Kathiawari is a stockier horse than the more finely featured Marwari.

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Kerry Bog Pony Horse Breed Profile

Kerry Bog Pony

The Kerry Bog Pony is believed to be descended from the Celdone ponies, used by the Celtic settlers in northwest Spain. Military and trading relations between Spain, Portugal and Ireland have been credited with introducing these ponies to Ireland.

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Knabstrupper Horse Breed Profile

Knabstrupper

The Knabstrupper was developed by Major Villars Lunn in Nordsealand, Denmark, who put a chestnut blanketed mare of Spanish breeding to a Fredricksborg stallion in 1812. This first breeding resulted in a colorfully spotted colt and the basis for a new breed.

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Lipizzan Horse Breed Profile

Lipizzan

The Lipizzan’s roots go back to Moorish-occupied Spain when Spanish-bred horses were considered the optimum cavalry mount. In 1562, Maximillian II brought Spanish horses to the Austrian court. His brother Archduke Charles II created another stud at Lipizza by the Adriatic Sea.

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Lippitt Morgan Horse Breed Profile

Lippitt Morgan

Today's Morgan horses trace back to a bay stallion called Figure, owned by school teacher and songwriter Justin Morgan of Vermont. In the early 1900s, the automobile and other machinery made workhorses of all breeds, including the Morgan, obsolete.

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Lusitano Horse Breed Profile

Lusitano

The Portuguese Lusitano was officially created in the late 1960s after Portuguese breeders opened a studbook that would set their Andalusians apart from Spanish Andalusians. The official name of this breed is Puro Sangue Lusitano, which is the Latin name for Portugal.

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Mangalarga Marchador Horse Breed Profile

Mangalarga Marchador

The Mangalarga Marchador is the national horse of Brazil and its genealogy is rich with horses from the Iberian Peninsula. Sublime, the foundation stallion of the Marchador, was a product of horses brought to Brazil by the Portuguese royal family in the early 1800s.

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Marsh Tacky Horse Breed Profile

Marsh Tacky

In the boggy lowlands of South Carolina, one equine reigns supreme among the avid trail rider: the Carolina Marsh Tacky.

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Marwari Horse Breed Profile

Marwari

The most amazing feature about the Indian horse called the Marwari (mar-wah-ree) is its curved ears. They often touch or cross in the middle, giving an appearance of a spectacular headdress.

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Miniature Horse  Breed Profile

Miniature Horse

The Miniature Horse traces its history back to the 17th century in Europe, when oddities and unusual animals were talking points among nobility. Less refined Minis were employed as “pit ponies” working and living inside mines. Minis were imported to America in the 1930s to work in the coal mines.

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Missouri Fox Trotter Horse Breed Profile

Missouri Fox Trotter

The Missouri Fox Trotter is a product of its native Ozark Mountains in Missouri. The breed’s decedents, mainly of Morgan, Thoroughbred and Arabian blood, arrived in the Ozarks when pioneers settled the area in 1821.

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Morab Horse Breed Profile

Morab

Though only established as a breed in the late 20th century, the crossing of Morgan and Arabian bloodlines has been popular since the 1800s. The resulting horses were champion show and trotting horses.

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Morgan Horse Breed Profile

Morgan

Not many horse lovers have escaped childhood without reading Marguerite Henry’s non-fiction book about Figure, the very first Morgan, owned by school teacher Justin Morgan in West Springfield, Mass., in 1789. This gentle little stallion was given to the school teacher for payment of a debt.

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Mountain Pleasure Horse  Breed Profile

Mountain Pleasure Horse

More than 160 years ago, settlers in the region of present-day eastern Kentucky used the gaited horses thriving in the area to work among the steep hills and in the fields.

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Mule Horse Breed Profile

Mule

The mule is a human invention developed to create a strong, placid animal suitable for packing, riding and driving. Breeding a female horse to a male donkey creates a mule, and breeding male horse to a female donkey creates a hinny (less common); both are usually sterile.

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Mustang Horse Breed Profile

Mustang

Mustang is a derivative of the Spanish word mesteña, which means wild or stray. Horses roamed America 10,000 years ago but vanished from the landscape until the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the 16th century with their horses of Barb decent.

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National Show Horse  Breed Profile

National Show Horse

Although the National Show Horse has existed as a Half-Arabian show horse for many years, it became a breed officially in 1982. By crossing the Arabian with the Saddlebred the resulting offspring carries the best aspects of both breeds.

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New Forest Pony Horse Breed Profile

New Forest Pony

In England, near the coast in southwest Hampshire, lies the beautiful New Forest. The New Forest Pony, one of the nine native breeds of the United Kingdom, has existed here since 1016 A.D.

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Newfoundland Pony Horse Breed Profile

Newfoundland Pony

The Newfoundland Pony is a descendant of British breeds that were brought to the New Founde Land by English settlers in the 17th and 18th centuries and used for heavy work on the harsh terrain.

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Nokota Horse Breed Profile

Nokota

Nokota horses are some of the last descendants of the wild horses of North Dakota.

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Norman Cob Horse Breed Profile

Norman Cob

The Norman Cob officially became a breed in the early 1900s. Although the term cob usually denotes a type of horse rather than a breed, the French chose the name because they resembled the English Cob. A cob is usually an all-rounder, with the ability to carry a rider or work as a draft horse.

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Norwegian Fjord Horse Breed Profile

Norwegian Fjord

The Fjord is one of the world’s oldest breeds of horses. It is believed to have been in western Norway for more than 4,000 years and domesticated as early as 2000 B.C. Evidence shows that Vikings developed the Fjord as a as early as 2,000 years ago.

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Oldenburg Horse Breed Profile

Oldenburg

The Oldenburg was created in the 17th Century through the endeavors of Count Johann XVI von Oldenburg and Count Anton Gunther von Oldenburg to create a grand carriage horse. Small breeding farms throughout the provinces of Oldenburg and East Friesland were developed.

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Orlov Trotter Horse Breed Profile

Orlov Trotter

The Orlov Trotter was developed in 18th century Russia by Count Alexei Orlov. The breed orignated through the crossing of European mares with Arabian stallions. The foundation sire of the breed was Bars I, a stallion of Arabian, Danish and Dutch breeding, foaled in 1784.

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Paint Horse  Breed Profile

Paint Horse

In 1519, the explorer Hernando Cortes carried two horses described as having pinto markings on his voyage. This is the first known description of such horses in America. By the early 1800s, horses with Paint coloring were well-populated throughout the West.

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Paso Fino Horse Breed Profile

Paso Fino

The Paso Fino’s earliest ancestry includes the Barb, Andalusian and the gaited Spanish Jennet, which came to Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) with Christopher Columbus to be used as conquistadors’ mounts throughout the 1500s.

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Percheron Horse Breed Profile

Percheron

The Percheron developed in the Le Perche region in Normandy in 732 A.D. when Barb horses were left by marauding Moors after their defeat in the Battle of Tours. Massive Flemish horses were crossed with the Barbs to give the Percheron its substance. Arabian blood was also added.

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Peruvian Horse  Breed Profile

Peruvian Horse

Although the Peruvian Horse, sometimes referred to as the Peruvian Paso, and the Paso Fino share the same earlier parentage (Andalusian, Barb and Spanish Jennet), and are both gaited, they are not the same breed.

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Pinto Horse Breed Profile

Pinto

Although spotted horses seem to have originated with American Indian horses, the distinctive two-toned coat pattern probably came to North America through Arabian and Spanish stock that accompanied early explorers.

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Pony of the Americas Horse Breed Profile

Pony of the Americas

The first Pony of the Americas (POA) was born in the spring of 1954 after an Arabian/Appaloosa mare accidentally bred to a Shetland stallion. The owner offered to sell the pregnant mare to a neighbor, lawyer and Shetland pony breeder Les Boomhower.

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Przewalski Horse  Breed Profile

Przewalski Horse

The three primitive horses considered to be the foundation of all domestic horses, the Forest Horse, the Tarpan and the Asiatic wild horse, were considered extinct until Russian cartographer Colonel Nikolai Przewalski saw a herd of dun colored horses while in southwest Mongolia in 1879.

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Quarter Horse  Breed Profile

Quarter Horse

The American Quarter Horse traces its roots to early America, where settlers crossed English horses to those of Spanish ancestry, producing a compact and muscular horse.

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Racking Horse  Breed Profile

Racking Horse

The Racking Horse developed on Southern plantations before the Civil War and shares its parentage with the Tennessee Walking Horse. The Racking Horse’s comfortable gait made it easy for plantation owners to ride from field to field without fatigue.

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Ranger Horse Breed Profile

Ranger

In 1879, General Ulysses S. Grant was given two stallions by a Turkish Sultan, one was an Arabian (Leopard) and the other a Barb (Linden Tree). The horses were brought to America, and in 1894 they were bred with native cowhorse mares in Nebraska.

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Rocky Mountain Horse  Breed Profile

Rocky Mountain Horse

The Rocky Mountain Horse originated in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains in eastern Kentucky in the late 1800s. The breed gets its name from its foundation stallion, a gaited horse from the Rocky Mountains.

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Saddlebred Horse Breed Profile

Saddlebred

The American Saddlebred originated from Galloway and Hobbie horses imported from Britain during the early part of America’s history.

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Selle Francais Horse Breed Profile

Selle Francais

The Selle Francais (or French Saddle Horse) is a warmblood type developed in the government stud farms in Le Pin in Normandy, France, in the 1800s.

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Shagya Arabian Horse Breed Profile

Shagya Arabian

The Shagya Arabian takes its name from the breed's founding sire, Shagya, a dapple gray foaled in 1810. The breed was developed in the Austro-Hungarian empire of the 1800s to fill the need for a larger, sturdier riding horse while maintaining the endurance and intelligence of the Arabian.

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Shetland Pony Horse Breed Profile

Shetland Pony

Off the coast of Scotland lie the Shetland Islands, native habitat of the smallest pony in Britain: the Shetland Pony. It’s thought that the breed evolved on the Scandinavian tundra and was possibly brought over by Viking raiders.

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Shire Horse Breed Profile

Shire

The Shire is the most popular draft horse in the United Kingdom. The Shire made its first appearance on British soil in its original form of the Great Horse, which was brought by William the Conqueror in 1066.

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Spanish Mustang Horse Breed Profile

Spanish Mustang

The Spanish Mustang is a descendent of horses brought to the New World by the Spaniards in the 15th century, starting with Columbus' second journey. Breeding farms were established, and through trade and the settlement of new land, these Spanish horses eventually spread throughout North America.

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Spotted Saddle Horse  Breed Profile

Spotted Saddle Horse

Spotted Saddle Horse breeding includes a heavy Tennessee Walking Horse influence combined with bloodlines descended from spotted Spanish-American ponies. The breed was originally developed in Tennessee to be a reliable family horse with a smooth, comfortable gait for long trail rides.

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Standardbred Horse Breed Profile

Standardbred

In 1849 Hambletonian 10, the foundation sire of the American Standardbred was born. His offspring went on to set records in the harness racing world.

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Suffolk Punch Horse Breed Profile

Suffolk Punch

The Suffolk Punch is the oldest of Great Britain’s heavy breeds, dating back to at least the 16th century. The early breeding may have been influenced by the Norfolk Roadster, Norfolk Trotter or Norfolk Cob, and the breed’s size may have come from Belgian draft blood.

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Swedish Warmblood Horse Breed Profile

Swedish Warmblood

Evidence shows that equines have been in Sweden since 4000 B.C. In the 1500s, the Swedish government began importing horses, most notably Dutch Friesians and some saddle breeds, to improve the indigenous Scandinavian horse. The national stud farms were located in Flyinge, Stromsholm and Kungsor.

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Tennessee Walking Horse  Breed Profile

Tennessee Walking Horse

The Tennessee Walking Horse is an American original, developed in central Tennessee in the late 1800s. The horse’s genealogy includes a mixture of breeds that settlers brought with them, such as Morgans, Narragansett Pacer and Canadian Horses.

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Thoroughbred Horse Breed Profile

Thoroughbred

Throughout equine history few breeds have impacted the horse world quite like the Thoroughbred. Three foundation sires, the Byerly Turk, the Godolphin Arabian and the Darley Arabian, were bred to native English horses to create the breed in the early 17th century.

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Trakehner Horse Breed Profile

Trakehner

The Trakehner is one of the oldest European warmblood breeds, with its history going back more than 400 years. The breed is based on a local horse (then found in East Prussia) called the Schweiken.

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Welsh Pony and Cob Horse Breed Profile

Welsh Pony and Cob

The wild wind-swept hills and valleys in Wales developed the characteristics of the Welsh Pony and Cob. Through the years, they lent their use to hill farmers and shepherds, landowners and deliverymen. In 1901, the Welsh Pony and Cob Society was established in Wales.

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Westphalian Horse Breed Profile

Westphalian

Westphalia is the largest state in Germany and home to the Westphalian warmblood horse. Horse breeding is a tradition in Westphalia dating back centuries.

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