Question of the Week: Nervous Trail Horse
How can I help my horse gain confidence on the trail?
Q: My eight-year-old, affectionate Belgian/Canadian gelding that I have had for a year is nervous of noises, especially behind him, when we are riding. He doesn’t get grain. I use a curb chain when out on a trail so I can ride with a looser rein, and I turn him in a circle when he acts up. I feel like I have almost gained complete trust from him, and I remain very calm and re-assuring with my body and voice but he still acts like there is a bear in the bushes. He is better with a group, but still jumpy. I am 40, with two young children. I enjoy riding, but I need to stay alive. Can a Nervous Nelly ever gain enough confidence to be a Calm Cucumber? What else can I do?
|Riding your horse with purpose is an excellent way to establish leadership and give your horse focus and direction. "When I used to cowboy on a cattle ranch, our horses rarely spooked," says Jonathan, "because we were really going somewhere, and the horses didn't have the desire nor the opportunity to spook." Photo: Robin Duncan
A: I’m glad you asked about your situation, because it’s one that so many people face with horses. I’ll give you some ideas here, but first let me comment that horseback riding is supposed to be fun, and if you’re afraid or nervous, riding ceases to be enjoyable. More importantly, you need to be safe! It sort of tugged at my heartstrings when you mentioned your young children — which makes it even more imperative that you put safety as your number one priority.
Without seeing you and your horse, it’s difficult to give you a direct action plan that is exactly what you should do in that very moment when your horse reacts. Few of us have time to school a challenging horse every day in order to be safe, but I will suggest some ideas that may help. Ultimately, my thought is that you need a professional’s eye on you and your horse when he reacts. Getting a professional’s opinion about what’s best for both of you could provide a plan with optimum outcome.
Safety is obviously such a huge concern when dealing with horses. I noted that you think that controlling your horse can be attained by using a curb chain. Believe me, a curb chain won’t be the bandaid that holds everything together if it all goes really wrong! A curb chain will have little effect on a horse who’s blowing up. Here are some ideas, but again, please get a perspective from a professional who can watch you and your horse in person.
Many riders are faced with challenges similar to yours — whether their horses spook from noises behind them, from baby carriages, bikes, or even that same black stump that they have passed by 100 times! When a horse is spooky or reactive, the key is to maintain a high level of leadership and to have a focus or an intention in your body that lets him know that you have a plan in mind — with somewhere to go! It sounds like you have good control of your emotions and are able to stay calm when he reacts — and this is a great start. The circle response you’ve started — turning him in a circle when he acts up — is also a great idea.
So often a horse can ‘lead’ his rider by spooking or reacting to something. When that happens the rider focuses on what the horse is spooking at and tries to soothe the horse — and all the while the horse still remains focused on what was originally spooking him. In that moment, the ‘spook’ is in charge, and you need to take your leadership back! Ride away from whatever is spooking your horse, then ride back to it as close as possible without the horse reacting, ride away, come back again — you get the picture. Do this until the horse is ho-hum about the origin of the spook, and then keep riding down the trail.
I often think of my days working as a cowboy at the historic Quilchena Ranch in Merritt, British Columbia in Canada, and I remember that the times were few and far between when a horse spooked. That’s because we always had a job to do, and our horses didn’t have time or the inclination to spook! We were always going somewhere — we were riding our horses, not just going for a ride! Riding is an active thing, whether you are in the arena or out on the trail. Ride on the trail like you had to get somewhere, even if you are at a walk for the whole ride.
Horses are always looking for a leader, and by having this strong focus you can show your horse that he can relax under your leadership, and trust that you will keep him safe. You are doing well to ride him in circles when he reacts, giving him something else to focus on, and containing him in that circle. Try also riding back and forth past the area that he just spooked at, while asking something of him, whether it’s a concentrated circle, a hindquarter yield, a leg yield, or anything that will ask something of him mentally and physically.
And if your horse spooks at a dangerous spot on the trail, or if you think you’re in danger because of his spooking, get off! This is not something to be embarrassed about — it’s a safety issue. Getting off is sometimes the wisest thing you can do. Do what your intuition tells you to do — and if that’s to dismount, then do it!
So, the bottom line is to put your safety first (remember your two children!); the fun part of riding will then follow. Seek the opinion of a professional (possibly even lessons for you and your horse). Be your horse’s leader. Stay alert and direct your horse; keep your horse focused and his feet moving. You might even consider another horse that’s safe and dependable; there’s no disrespect in admitting that perhaps this horse isn’t quite the right match for you. I want you to enjoy riding and to be safe — for your sake and the sake of your children!
My May article in Horse Illustrated expands on this issue and concentrates on taking an anxious Arabian on his first trail ride. You might also want to view my video on this website: “Setting Up for Success on the Trail with a Young Horse.”
For more information about Jonathan Field and his program, visit www.JonathanField.net.
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Question of the Week: Nervous Trail Horse